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Mounting network shares in Linux

Today we are going to learn how to mount network shares using Linux.  There are two ways to do this, either manually or using the fstab file, and we shall cover both.  For this tutorial we will use the following:

Network share at 192.168.1.3/mnt/MyDisk1 which is mounted on a FreeNAS system (nfs)

Network share at 192.168.1.2/share which is on a Linux Mint 16 file server (samba)

Both shares will be accessed from a laptop running Linux Mint 16.


Manually

Lets take the FreeNAS nfs share first.  First thing to do is install the nfs package nfs-common.  Open up a terminal and type:

sudo apt-get install nfs-common

Enter your password when required.  Next thing type:

mount 192.168.1.3:/mnt/MyDisk1 /media/dev/MyDisk1

where:

192.168.1.3 is the ip address of the system where the share is mounted

/media/dev/MyDisk1 is the mount point where you want the share to be mounted

Now lets take a look at the Linux Mint 16 samba share.  Again we need to install the required samba packages so open up a terminal and type:

sudo apt-get install samba

Next type:

mount -t cifs //192.168.1.2/share /mnt -o username=user,password=pass

where:

user and pass are your login details

/mnt is the mount point on the local system

Using FStab

In a terminal type:

sudo nano /etc/fstab 

Add one of the following lines to the file depending on if you are using samba or nfs.

192.168.1.3:/mnt/MyDisk1 /media/dev/MyDisk1 nfs hard,intr 0 0 (NFS)

//192.168.1.2/share /media/dev2/Share cifs username=user,password=pass,user,rw,noatime 0 0 (SAMBA)

About the Author

P1020114

Hi I’m Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows, Mac and Linux based IT Support to small businesses in Stirling, Alloa and Falkirk.

Follow @Comtech247 on Twitter

 

 

Mounting your hard drive in fstab

This tutorial will show you how to mount your hard drives in the fstab file used on all Linux systems.  The following commands were run on Linux Mint 11 but should still work on other systems.

Open up a terminal and type su.  When prompted enter your root password.

Next type gedit /etc/fstab.  This will open up the fstab file which is located in /etc using the text editor gedit.  You should get something which looks like the following:

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use ‘blkid -o value -s UUID’ to print the universally unique identifier
# for a device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name
# devices that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type>  <options><dump>  <pass>
proc            /proc           proc    nodev,noexec,nosuid       0            0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation

/dev/fd0   /media/floppy0 auto rw,user,noauto,exec,utf8 00      0
/dev/sdb1       /media/dev/sdb       auto       defaults           0             2
/dev/sdc1       /media/dev/sdc        auto       defaults           0             2


Now the entries that interest us are the final two for sdc1 and sdb1.  These are two internal hard drives that have been added to the system.

Before adding any entries you must first know what the hard drive is called.  Chances are if you are adding a second drive then it will be called sdb1 but to check type fdisk -l (as root).  Once you know you will then need to decide where to mount it.  Linux usually uses the /media directory to mount file systems but the choice is yours.

Once you have the required information copy the entry above for either sdb1 or sdc1 and replace /media/dev with your mount point and sdc1 / sdb1 with the name of your hard disk.  That’s it.  Reboot and your hard drive should now be recognised and mounted at boot.

About the Author

P1020114

Hi I’m Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows, Mac and Linux based IT Support to small businesses in Stirling, Alloa and Falkirk.

Follow @Comtech247 on Twitter

 

 

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