ComTech: IT Support Stirling

Folder Redirection

Today we are going to talk about folder redirection and how to configure it in Windows Server 2008 R2.

First step is to add some new folders for your data in either your C or D drives (letters might be different on your system).  As a rule of thumb I would create the following:

App Data (for application data)

Company Shared data (shared files)

Redirected Folders (user data)

Next we need to set the permissions of each folder.  Lets take the App Data folder as an example.  Right click on the folder and go to properties.  Next go to security and then edit.  This is where you will add the relevant group and their permissions on the folder,  for example Wakefield office and set permissions to modify.

Once you have added your relevant group check that the Creator Owner group has full control (just in case you need to modify settings later on).  Repeat the above steps for the other folders.

Once the folder permissions are set we need to open the Group Policy Management Console.  Now create a new group policy object called Folder Redirection.  Now edit the policy.  Navigate to User configuration-Policies-Windows Settings-Folder Redirection.  You will now see all the settings that can be redirected.  Word of caution here if you select everything then your network will slow down dramatically so check first to see which items are required.  Again as a rule of thumb I would select:




Start Menu

Lets take Documents.  Right click and go to properties.  In the setting option choose – Redirect everyone’s folder to the same location (easier to administer).  For the Target folder location option choose – create a folder for each user under the root path and then specify the root path e.g \\server01\RedirectedFolders.

Do the same for AppData, Desktop and Start Menu.  Once configured remember to test it!!  Log on to a computer with a user account and then try to log on to another computer to see if you get the same desktop, applications and files.

About the Author

Hi I am Chris the owner of ComTech. I provide IT Support, Laptop repairs and Computer repairs to both personal and business clients in and around Stirling. For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website where you will find my blog, testimonials, services and much more.  Start supporting a local business today so I can start supporting you.




Linux Permissions

This time we are going to have a look at Linux permissions.  Every current operating system deals with permissions, whether it is ownership of a file or just gaining read access to a folder.  As with everything else in Linux there are command line tools and the graphical user interface so we shall discuss both.

The Chown Utility

This is a command line tool that deals with the ownership of a file or folder.  Open up a terminal and switch to root.  Navigate to the directory which contains the file / folder you want to change and type:

chown [username][file /folder]

So for example if I wanted to change the owner of a file called tools to natasha and it was located in /home/chris  I would type:

cd /home/chris

chown natasha tools

To check who owns a particular file / folder you can navigate to the directory that contains the file / folder and type:

ls -l

The Chmod Utility

Next up is the chmod utility which deals with permissions themselves.  Open up a terminal and switch to root.  Navigate to the directory which contains the file / folder you want to change and type:

chmod [777][file / folder]

Lets first explain the numbering system above.  There are three types of permissions in Linux – Read, Write and Execute which are given values of 4, 2 and 1 respectively.  So in the syntax above the file would be given Read (4), Write (2) and Execute (1) permissions (4+2+1 = 7).  But don’t you give permissions to people and not files or folders?  Correct, that is why there are three numbers which represent the owner, group and others.  Lets take an example to illustrate the point.  Say I wanted to change the permissions of a file called tools.doc to owner (rwe), group (rw) and others (r) and it was located in /home/chris I would type:

cd /home/chris

chmod 764 tools.doc

This gives the owner (rwe = 7) group (rw = 6) and others (r=4) different levels of access to the file.

Graphical Means of  Changing Permissions and Ownership

For people who don’t want to use the command line there is another way to do all this.  I shall illustrate this using Linux Mint 17.  Locate the file you want to alter by using your file manager.  Right click and go to open as root.  In Linux Mint 17 the background will go red when a file is open as root.  Right click and go to properties.  On the properties page you will be given the option of changing permissions for the owner, group and others along with changing the owner of the file.  Change accordingly.

About the Author


Hi I’m Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows, Mac and Linux based IT Support to small businesses in Stirling, Alloa and Falkirk.

Follow @Comtech247 on Twitter



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