ComTech: IT Support Stirling
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How to set up a New Certificate Request on Exchange Server 2010

Today I will show you how to set up a new certificate request on Exchange Server 2010 from a trusted third party certificate authority.  For the purpose of this tutorial I will be using Exchange Server 2010 installed on a Windows Server 2008 R2 system.


Open up the Exchange Management Console (EMC) and click on Server Configuration. Then in the Actions Pane click on New Exchange Cetificate to start the wizard.

Enter a friendly name for your certificate (for example Comtech_Cert1) and then click Next. On the following page you will be asked if you want to configure Wildcards for Domain Scope.  Just click next.

Now you get the chance to specify what you want the certificate to cover (for example OWA).  Expand the options and tick the boxes where required.  For the purpose of this tutorial I will set the certificate to cover Outlook Web App (shown below).

The next page of the wizard will ask you what domains should be covered by the certificate. Make sure all the domains you want covered (for example mail.comtech.com) are present in the list.  If not add it!!

The next page will ask you for your Company Information and the location to save the request file to (and what you will call it).  Fill in the fields and click next.

On the final page review your selections and then when happy click New.

The request file will now be created and saved to the location you specified.  Open up the file (shown below) and copy the code as this will be required when you request the certificate from the trusted third party certificate authority (ed Digicert).

About the Author

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients in and around Stirling.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more.

 

 

How to set up WSUS on Windows Server 2008 R2


Good morning my fellow readers. Today I am going to show you how to set up WSUS on Windows Server 2008 R2.  WSUS is fantastic for centralising management of Windows Updates throughout your network.  Installing a WSUS server makes deploying patches and security fixes much easier and so by default makes your life easier too!!

For the purpose of this tutorial I will be using Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 with 1.5 Gb of RAM (you would use much more than this in a production environment).

Open up Server Manager.  Right click on Roles and then click Add Roles.

When asked to select which roles you want to install click Windows Server Update Services and when prompted Add the additional roles that are required (eg Web Server IIS)

During installation you will be prompted to accept the license agreement and then you will be asked where do you want to store all the updates.  Either choose a new folder or accept the default C:\\WSUS location.

You will now be asked to choose whether you want to install the Windows Internal Database or use an existing one instead.  I tend to just install the database on the C drive in C:\\WSUS but the choice is yours.

Next you will be asked for your web site preference.  You can use the default IIS web site to access WSUS over the network or you can specify your own one.  Again I quite happily choose the default for this.

On the last page page review your options and then click next.

The installation itself takes a long time but once installed the first thing we need to do is synchronize the WSUS server with Microsoft Update (or another WSUS server on the network) so expand Server Manager – Windows Server Update Services – Update Services – Options – Update Source and Proxy Server.

For the purpose of this tutorial I will synchronise with Microsoft Update.

Next we have to choose which products to download updates for so click on Products and Classifications.

Choose all the products which you require updates for and click OK.

Next we have to decide what languages to download the updates in (if you select all available languages your downloads will take a long time and take up a loads of disk space).  Click on Update Files and Languages and then the Update Languages tab. Choose your language and then click Apply.

We now need to decide when to check for new updates and when to download them.  To accomplish this we need to click on Synchronization Schedule (shown below).

You can synchronize manually but it is better to synchronize automatically on a daily schedule.  Once you have set your daily schedule click Apply.

With all the housekeeping done all that is left to do is to perfrom the initial synchronization so expand Server Manager – Windows Server Update Services – Update Services – Synchronize and then right click and go to Synchronize Now. This will start the synchronize process.

That is the configuration for the WSUS server complete.

Distributing Updates across the network

To accomplish this we need to set up a Windows Update Group Policy and then distribute it to all computers in the domain.

To do this expand Start – Administrative Programs – Group Policy Management. Once the Group Policy Management Console is open expand Group Policy Management – Forest – Domains – “your domain” – Group Policy Objects. Right click on Group Policy Objects and go to New.

When the New GPO box appears eneter a name for the new GPO and then click OK.  Your new GPO should be visible on the screen (as shown below).  Right click on it and go to Edit.

Now in the left panel expand Computer Configuration – Policies – Administrative Templates – Windows Components – Windows Update to get the screenshot below.

The first setting to configure is Specify intranet Microsoft update service location. Right click and go to Edit.

As shown above set this to enabled. Enter the location of your WSUS Server where required and then click Apply.

The next setting to configure is Configure Automatic Updates.  Set this to enabled and specify how the downloads should be installed and at what time.  Once configured click Apply.

Next we have to configure the Automatic Updates Detection Frequency policy.

Enable the policy and set to 1 hr.  Click Apply.

Last thing we need to do on the GPO front is link it to the domain.

The next time the computers on your domain restart their group policy settings will be updated and they will be pointed to the new WSUS server (screenshot of client computer shown below).

 

About the Author

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients in and around Stirling.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more.

 

How to set up a Web Server on Windows Server 2008 R2 using IIS


Today I will show you how to set up a Web Server on Windows Server 2008 R2 using IIS.

Open up Server Manager, right click on Roles and click Add Roles.

When you are shown a list of available roles click Web Server (ISS) and then Next.  On the following screen read the information and then click Next.

On the Select Role Services screen which follows click any additional services that you require (or leave the defaults) and then click Next.

On the final page we have to review our selections and click Install when satisfied.

Now we need to check if IIS is working so open up a web browser and type http://localhost into the address bar.  If IIS is working perfectly then you should get the screenshot below.

Now it is time for some configuration.  We are now going to add a new site called ComTech1 so the first thing we need to do is to create a new folder called Web_Root on the C drive which will contain all the website files.  You will need to copy all your website files into this folder.

Now expand Server manager – Roles – Web Server (IIS) – Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager – Your System Name 

Right click on your System Name (e.g 2008Test1 in my example) and go to Add Web Site

 

In the above example I have called the website ComTech1 and set the physical path of the website files as C:\Web_Root.  The ip address of the site has been set to 10.0.0.170 and the Host name as www.comtech.com.  Using this information as a guide enter the relevant details for your own website.

Once configured your website should be available at the ip address you specified above.

About the Author

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients in and around Stirling.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more.

How to set up a DHCP server on Windows Server 2008 R2


Today I will show you how to set up a DHCP server on Windows Server 2008 R2.

Open up Server Manager, right click on Roles and click Add Roles.

When you are shown a list of available roles click DHCP Server and then Next.  On the following screen read the information and then click next.

On the next screen you will be asked to choose your network adapter.  When chosen click Next.

You will now be asked to specify the domain that the DHCP Server will be operating in and the location of the DNS Servers.  Fill in the required fields and click Next.

You will now be asked to specify if WINS is required or not.  If WINS is required then fill in the required details.  If not just click Next.

We now have to specify an address scope for the DHCP Server. Click Add and then fill in the appropriate fields as shown below in the screenshot.

Now we need to configure DHCPv6 Stateless Mode.  If you are unsure of the settings then use the default, otherwise enter your configuration and click Next.

We now move on to Specifying IPv6 DNS Server Settings. Your primary DNS Server usually takes this role so unless you have specific requirements I would suggest using its settings for this section.

Next we need to Authorize the DHCP Server. Enter the credentials of a user who is part of the Domain Admins group and click Next.

Now on the final screen review your configuration and when happy click Install.

And that is it.  You now have a fully functional DHCP Server on your domain.

About the Author

Hi I am Chris the owner of ComTech. I provide IT Support, Laptop repairs and Computer repairs to both personal and business clients in and around Stirling. For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find my blog, testimonials, services and much more.  Start supporting a local business today so I can start supporting you.

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How to create a DFS Namespace on Windows Server 2008 R2


Today I will show you how to create a DFS Namespace on Windows Server 2008 R2.  For the purpose of this tutorial I will be using two domain controllers running Windows Server 2008 R2 – 2008Test1 and 2008Test2.

On 2008Test1

The first thing we need to do is install File Services so go to Server Manager and add the File Services Role.

On the next screen you are given a set of additional options to install.  Choose Distributed File System, DFS Namespaces and DFS Replication.

On the next page choose a name for your Namespace and then click next.

You will now be asked what type of namespace you want to configure.  For the purpose of this tutorial I will choose a Domain-based namespace.

You now need to specify a user account that is a member of the domain admins group as shown below.

You are now given the option of adding any folders you require into your namespace before it is created.

On the summary page review your options and then click install.  Repeat the steps on 2008Test2 but do not create a namespace when asked to do so.

Adding a server to the DFS Namespace

A DFS Namespace would be pretty pointless if it was only hosted on one server so we are going to add 2008Test2 as an additional server.

On 2008Test1 go to Server Manager and right click on Roles – File services – DFS Management – Namespaces – <your domain> – <your Namespace> and then choose Add Namespace Server.

Click on the browse button.  Enter 2008Test2 in the Select Computer dialog box and then click ok.

In the details pane you should now have two servers listed.

Creating a Shared Folder and Publishing it to the DFS Namespace 

On 2008Test1 go to Server Manager and expand Roles – File services – Share and Storage Management – and then right click and go to Provision Share.

We now have to specify a location for the shared folder.  Enter C:\Files in the location and click next.

We now need to set the NTFS permissions for the folder.  Click on Yes, change NTFS permissions and then Edit Permissions.  Give Users Modify permissions and then apply.

On the next page you will be asked for a share name for the folder.  Call the folder Files.

On the SMB Settings page leave the defaults and click next.

On the SMB permissions page, select Administrators Have Full Control; all other users and groups have only Read access and Write access.

On the DFS Publsihing Page browse to the location of the DFS Namespace you created earlier and type Files in the Folder name.

On the Summary page review your settings and click create.

You will now have a folder named Files hosted on both 2008Test1 and 2008Test2 and published to a DFS Namespace for redundancy.

About the Author

P1020114

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients throughout Stirling, Falkirk and Clackmannanshire.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more!!

How to promote a Windows 2008 R2 Server to a Domain Controller


Today I will show you how to promote a Windows 2008 R2 Server to a Domain Controller.

On your Windows 2008 R2 server go to Start and type dcpromo into the search box as shown below.

When the program has been located double click on it to start the wizard.

On the following page read through the Operating System Compatibility warning and then click next.

The wizard will now ask us to Choose a Deployment Configuration.  If the server is already part of a domain then choose Existing Forest.  For the purpose of this tutorial we shall set up a new domain so choose Create a new domain in a new forest.

On the next page of the wizard you are asked to pick a FQDN for your new domain.  Enter a domain of your choice and then click next.

We are now asked to choose the domain functional level.  If your domain is only going to have Windows Server 2008 R2 machines on it then choose Windows Server 2008 R2.  If however you are intending to run systems with Windows Server 2003 in your domain at some point then you will need to choose Windows Server 2003.  WARNING Once the domain functional level has been set at Windows Server 2008 R2 it can’t be reduced.  This means that if your ever needed to add a Windows Server 2003 server to your domain you couldn’t.

 

Will will now be taken to the Additional Domain Controller Options page.  Make sure that the DNS Server option is ticked and then click next.  When a warning appears asking if you want to continue click yes.

On the next page  you are asked to specify locations for the Database, Log and Sysvol folders.  You can either accept the defaults or create your own locations.  Once configured click next.

You will now be asked for a Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password. Enter your chosen password twice and then click next.

 

You will now be shown the Summary page.  Review your choices and when happy click next.  Active Directory Domain Services will now be installed onto your server hence promoting it to a Domain Controller.

About the Author

P1020114

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients throughout Stirling, Falkirk and Clackmannanshire.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more!!

How to set up an unattended remote session using Teamviewer


Today we are going to take a look at setting up an unattended remote session with a Windows Server 2008 R2 server using Teamviewer.  This is very handy when you need to administer a server but there is no one on site to give you access.  This method works on ANY system not just Windows Server but this is the scenario where you might use it the most.

For the purpose of this tutorial I will be using Teamviewer 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 and making a remote connection from a Linux Mint 12 system.  I will also assume you have already installed Teamviewer 7 onto your Windows Server 2008 R2 system.

On your Windows Server 2008 R2 system open up Teamviewer.  Write down the ID (you will need this later) and then click on Extras – Options.

Go to Security and choose a password for unattended access.  Once entered click Ok.

Now we shall open up teamviewer on the Linux Mint 12 system and add a computer account as shown below.

Type in the Windows Server 2008 R2 Teamviewer ID you wrote down earlier along with the password for unattended access.  Also choose an Alias which identifies the system. When you have finished click ok.

You will now see the new account added to your computers in Teamviewer as shown below.

To access this computer double click it.  That’s it!!

About the Author

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients in and around Stirling.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more.

 

 

 

How to set up a VPN Server on Windows Server 2008 R2


Today we are going to have a look at setting up a VPN server on Windows Server 2008 R2.  For anyone who would rather set one up on Windows 7 instead you can find the relevant tutorial by reading this blog.

For the purposes of this tutorial I will be using Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard with 2Gb of RAM and tw0 network cards hosted within Virtualbox.  I will assume that you have already installed Windows Server 2008 R2 within your existing network.

The first thing you need to do is add the Network Policy and Access role in Server Manager (as shown below).

On the next screen make sure that Routing and Remote Access Services, Remote Access Service and Routing are all ticked (shown below).

On the final page click install.

Once installed expand Network Policy and Access Services in Server Manager and right click on Routing and Remote Access to start the wizard.

On the Configuration page click on Remote Access.  On the Remote Access page which follows click on VPN.

On the VPN Connection page choose the network adapter which connects to the internet and click on next (for the purpose of this tutorial I will leave the ip address as dhcp but in real life you would set this as a static ip address).

On the following page you will be asked to specify how your vpn server will assign ip addresses to clients.  Unless you have some specific need for certain addresses then I would suggest you leave this as automatic.

Once your ip address assignment has been taken care of you will then be asked if you want to set up the vpn server to work with a Radius Server.  If you don’t have one on your network then choose no.

On the final page click finish and your vpn server will then be installed.  Don’t forget to set up port forwarding on your router or you will not be able to access your vpn server.

Only thing left to do is to check the configuration by trying to access your server by vpn. For guidance on how to set up a vpn connection on Windows 7 please refer to this blog.

About the Author

Hi I am Chris Wakefield the owner of ComTech IT Support. I provide Windows and Linux based IT Support, laptop repairs and computer repairs to both business and personal clients in and around Stirling.

For a list of what I can offer you why not visit my website www.comtech247.net where you will find a list of my services, testimonials, blog and much more.

 

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